In Peru, Alberto Fujimori will remain in prison


Alberto Fujimori will be required to serve his sentence. On Friday April 8, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACHR) ordered the Peruvian State to “refrain from performing” the decision of the Constitutional Court of March 17 which had authorized the early release of the former president. An opinion that should be respected by Peru; the government of leftist President Pedro Castillo had previously said it would comply.

The 83-year-old ex-autocrat, at the head of the country from 1990 to 2000, was sentenced in 2007 to twenty-five years in prison for crimes against humanity and eight years for corruption. The judgment of the Inter-American Court is the ultimate reversal of a long series for Mr. Fujimori, who hoped that the presidential pardon, granted in 2017 by the right-wing ex-president Pedro Pablo Kuczynski (“PPK”, 2016- 2018) for “humanitarian reasons”is executed.

“Neither forget nor forgive”

The pardon had however already been canceled for the first time in 2018 by the Peruvian Supreme Court, after the discovery of maneuvers between the Fujimorist camp in Congress and President PPK to save the latter from dismissal. Then, she was suddenly rehabilitated, on March 17, by decision of the Constitutional Court, paving the way for the release of Mr. Fujimori. This controversial decision had triggered the indignation of the victims of his government and of the anti-Fujimorists, who had demonstrated to cries of “Neither forget nor forgive”.

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The Inter-American Court, in its resolution of April 8, considered that the decision of the Constitutional Court to release the ex-autocrat went against the application of the American Convention on Human Rights in matters of justice, which could lead “to a form of impunity”. She considers that the Constitutional Court did not assess “the impact of such a pardon for gross violations of human rights on the right of access to justice for victims and their relatives “, while thousands of victims are still waiting for the ex-president to be tried in a dozen other cases.

It also considered that the Constitutional Court had not presented an expert report showing that the health of the former president had deteriorated and presented a serious risk, and had therefore not demonstrated any “imperative necessity” to get him out of jail.

Victim relief

The judgment of the Inter-American Court was greeted with relief by victims and human rights organizations, but did not arouse much reaction in a population plagued by social conflict, due to economic difficulties. caused by the increase in the cost of living. Many voices are raised to demand an immediate change of government course or the resignation of President Castillo, accused of negligence. On Saturday April 9, hundreds of people again took to the streets, while the office of the defender of the people joined in the demands for resignation, further cornering the head of state, who survived two attempts of dismissal in seven months.

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