what do the candidates promise about the electric car?

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Image: Pixabay – Thor Deichmann / AP Editing

The French are being called to ballot on 10th and 24th April next to elect their future president. Automobile Propre examined the program of the 12 candidates in order to find out their position on the subject of the electric vehicle and the decarbonization of transport. Despite its importance, the theme is once again treated without great rigor by a majority of suitors.

Electric vehicles, charging infrastructure, retrofitting, agro-fuels: the decarbonization of transport and in particular of the automobile represents a monumental part of the energy transition. However, few candidates seem to master the subject. Some do not even mention it in their program, while others are content with fanciful proposals or disconnected from reality.

We have reviewed the program of the 12 contenders and extracted, when there are any, the passages evoking the theme of decarbonization as well as the electrification of the automobile and transport. Here they are, listed in alphabetical order by the name of each candidate.

Nathalie Arthaud – Force Ouvrière

Devoid of a costed program, Nathalie Arthaud never mentions the electrification of transport in her campaign arguments.

Nicolas Dupont-Aignan – Stand up France

The candidate promises to “replace the 10 million most energy-intensive vehicles in 10 years through a new bonus-malus favorable to electric and low-emission vehicles”. Without specifying further, he wishes “accelerate the installation of fast charging stations for electric cars”. Finally, he promises to “accelerate the implementation of anti-pollution tests in real conditions”.

Anne Hidalgo – Socialist Party

The current mayor of Paris wishes to create “a social leasing system” in partnership with car manufacturers and rental companies, in order to make electric vehicles “accessible to individuals for a monthly cost lower than the cost of a gasoline-powered vehicle”.

It also plans to establish a “zero rate loan for sustainable mobility” to help “to the acquisition of electric vehicles and retrofit”. Regarding the charging infrastructure, Anne Hidalgo seems to be a little confused when she announces that“one million additional electrical terminals will be deployed throughout the country, with priority for rural areas, in a national plan, built with local authorities, for electrical and hydrogen-based infrastructure”.

Yannick Jadot – Europe Ecology The Greens

If the ecologist is one of the candidates who most evoke the decarbonization of transport, his treatment of the subject sometimes lacks precision. Thus, he promises to double “conversion aid to support low-income households in replacing their vehicle with an electric car. ». “1 million vehicles will benefit from a transformation of thermal engines into electric motors (retrofit) to be converted into more efficient and less polluting vehicles. This system may concern private vehicles, but also professionals and community fleets. » he completes.

Yannick Jadot wants to speed up “the reconversion and establishment in France of the entire value chain for the production of electric vehicles”. “We will work with regional councils and players in the automotive services sector to build training and retraining plans for mechanics, groups and self-employed alike, to support the development of professions linked to the deployment of electric vehicles. » he announces.

Very focused on the conversion of thermal vehicles, the environmental candidate wants to set up “a system of advances to mechanics to enable them to obtain the approvals necessary for retrofitting, in order to increase the number of players present on this market”.

In addition, Yannick Jadot promises to “put an end to the marketing of individual vehicles with internal combustion engines, in particular gasoline and diesel, by 2030 at the latest”. “The transition will be accompanied by a plan to relocate the production of electric vehicles, support for low-income households and the installation of charging stations throughout the territory” he writes, without however quantifying his proposal.

Jean Lassalle – Resist

Jean Lassalle’s program makes no mention of the electrification of transport.

Marine Le Pen – National Rally

The far-right candidate is content with a few haphazard lines on the subject. She announces “thanks to nuclear power”to strenghten “the current electrical distribution network to meet the needs of electric vehicles, while achieving savings over three years compared to an adaptation to renewables that has become unnecessary”. Marine Le Pen also promises a “loan of €1000 for equipping a car or utility vehicle with an ethanol conversion unit”.

Emmanuel Macron – The Republic on the March

In line with the announcements made during his term of office, the candidate for his own succession wishes “continue to invest to become a leader in green hydrogen, produce millions of electric and hybrid vehicles, and the first low-carbon aircraft”. Emmanuel Macron also promises to bring out “an affordable offer of electric cars for everyone thanks to a 100% French sector”.

Regarding the charging infrastructure, he ensures that “more than half of motorway service areas are now equipped with fast charging stations for electric vehicles” and “all will be by the end of 2022”. An extremely optimistic promise, 42% of the 364 service areas were equipped with fast charging stations at the end of 2021 according to ASFA, the Association of French Motorway Companies. A figure that does not take into account the 623 rest areas, which are smaller than the service areas.

“By 2030, a sovereign production chain for electric vehicles will be operational” assures the outgoing president. “Almost all vehicles produced in France will be electric and at an affordable cost. For this, innovation and production of batteries are supported directly on our territory. » he advances. Thereby “2 million electric and hybrid vehicles will be produced each year in France” at the same time, promises Emmanuel Macron.

Jean-Luc Mélenchon – La France Insoumise

Despite a 20-page thematic booklet dedicated to transport, Jean-Luc Mélenchon’s program deals little with the issue of electric vehicles. For his third and last candidacy for the presidency of the republic, he only promises to“initiate a public service of electric vehicle charging stations on public roads, to ensure their equitable deployment throughout France, and their accessibility for all. »

Furthermore, the far-left candidate wants “develop throughout the territory the systems for providing fleets of low-emission vehicles for low-income households”. Supporter of alternative fuels, he announces “support the search for solutions to operate the existing fleet of heat engines with low ecological impact fuels (syngas, used cooking oils, etc.).

Valérie Pécresse – The Republicans

The candidate promises “end of the sale of new thermal vehicles in 2035 and of new plug-in hybrids in 2040.” Without specifying how, it wishes to develop “a second-hand market for electric vehicles”. Valérie Pécresse also plans to support the “biofuels” and the “hydrogen and electric projects for aeronautics and logistics”.

She tackles Emmanuel Macron, evoking “the 100,000 electric charging stations promised by the government” [qui se feraient] “always wait” and outbids by announcing “deploy 200,000 electrical terminals throughout the territory with a plan to cover the territory piloted by the Regions. »

The candidate also wishes “maintain the conversion bonus and the ecological bonus that the current Government has decided to reduce prematurely by €1,000 on July 1, 2022.”.

Valérie Pécresse wants “set up a zero-rate loan for the purchase of clean vehicles for low-income households in order to reduce the remaining charge”. Furthermore, she announces “develop the retrofit sector which allows the transformation of their vehicle by the French by promoting local employment and the circular economy. »

Philippe Poutou – New Anti-Capitalist Party

Philippe Poutou’s program makes no mention of the electrification of transport.

Fabien Roussel – Communist Party

Despite the development of a very detailed program, Fabien Roussel does not comment on the electrification of transport. He merely mentions “targeted aid for the acquisition of light, more economical and low-polluting vehicles”.

Eric Zemmour – Reconquest

Without great mastery of the subject, Eric Zemmour promises to develop “credible and sustainable alternatives to hydrocarbons (such as thermal renewable energies or biofuels for transport)”. He thus wishes “develop electricity and hydrogen in public transport that can easily benefit from a charging system (buses, shuttles, coaches)”.

Randomly, the candidate announces that he wants “decarbonize transport by combining the various promising technologies (electric batteries, fuel cells, biofuels and synthetic fuels for aviation and maritime)”. Without specifying further, he promises to “promote the deployment of electric vehicle charging stations throughout the territory”.

Candidates’ scores

🟢 = Major subject of the program, complete and rigorous treatment, realistic and substantiated proposals.
🟡 = Subject mentioned but incomplete treatment, mixture of realistic and unrealistic and / or irrelevant proposals.
🔴 = Topic mentioned but very incomplete treatment, not very rigorous, unrealistic and / or irrelevant proposals.
🟤 = Subject not mentioned in the program.

Candidate

Transport electrification

ARTHAUD Nathalie

🟤

DUPONT-AIGNAN Nicolas

🔴

HIDALGO Anne

🟡

JADOT Yannick

🟡

LASSALLE Jean

🟤

LE PEN Navy

🔴

MACRON Emmanuel

🟡

MELENCHON Jean-Luc

🔴

PECRESSE Valerie

🟡

POUTOU Philippe

🟤

ROUSSEL Fabien

🟤

ZEMMOUR Eric

🔴

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